La virgencita de Guadalupehttp://progroups.migente.com/tonantzin
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virgen, guadalupe, tonantzin, reina, milagros, catolicos, indigena, syncretismo, earth, mother
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"A Mexican convert named Cuauhtlatoa ("Eagle Speaks") was baptized in 1525, a scant six years after the first arrival of Cortés on the Veracruz coast. He was given the baptismal name Juan Diego and is today known as Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin. Six years later, on December 9, 1531, according to tradition, Juan Diego was passing over the hill of Tepeyac ("Nose of the Hill") when he witnessed an apparition of the Virgin, who asked him to have a shrine built for her on that site.
She appeared to him as a young, Nahuatl-speaking Mexican, although the name Guadalupe is associated with the Spanish town of that name.
The hill of Tepeyac is said to have been a sacred place of long standing, the seat of the cult of an obscure goddess known as "Our Beloved Mother" (Tonantzin), whose name, after the Spanish Conquest, became confusingly suggestive of the adoration of the Virgin Mary of Catholicism. (The Italian historian Lorenzo Boturini visited the site in 1740 and was able to copy a petroglyph of Tonantzin still extent at the foot of the hill.)
The account of Juan Diego and his efforts to carry out the apparition's wishes to build a shrine on the hill is known as the "Nican Mopohua" ("Thus It Is Said"), after its opening words, and it has been understood for centuries to be the definitive account of what happened."
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